Is Decentralization Good for Development?

Authors Version of “Is Decentralization Good for Development?”

Book Summary

Is decentralisation good for development? This book explains when the answer is “Yes”, and when it is “No”. It shows us how decentralisation can be designed to drive development forward, and focuses attention on how institutional incentives can be created for governments to improve public sector performance and strengthen economies in ways that enhance citizen well-being. It also draws attention to the political motives behind decentralisation reforms and how these shape the institutions that result.

This book brings together academics working at the frontier of research on decentralization with policymakers who have implemented reform at the highest levels of government and international organizations. Its purpose is to marry policymakers’ detailed knowledge and insights about real reform processes with academics’ conceptual clarity and analytical rigor. This synthesis naturally shifts the analysis towards deeper questions of Decentralization, Stability and the Strength of the State.  We explore these in Part 1, with deep studies of the effects of reform on state capacity, political and fiscal stability, and democratic inclusiveness in Bolivia, Pakistan, India, and Latin America more broadly.  These complex questions – crucially important to policymakers but difficult to address with statistics – yield before a multipronged attack of quantitative and qualitative evidence combined with deep practitioner insight.  How should reformers design decentralisation? Part 2, Designing Decentralization: Taxes, Transfers and Expenditures, examines these issues with evidence from four decades of reform in developing and developed countries.  What happens after reform is implemented? Decentralization and Local Service Provision turns to decentralization’s effects on health and education services, anti-poverty programs, etc. with original evidence from 12 countries across Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

The insights presented here will be of interest not only to students and academics, but also policymakers, public sector managers, and development practitioners.


ABOUT THE EDITORS

JEAN-PAUL FAGUET is Professor of the
Political Economy of Development at the
London School of Economics. He is also Chair
of the Decentralization Task Force at Columbia University’s Initiative for Policy Dialogue.

CAROLINE PÖSCHL is a Ph.D. candidate in
the Department of International Development, London School of Economics and Political
Science.